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A survey of progress in a specific field of science over a given period of time, which may take the form of a simple list of references, or an in-depth critical review of publications on the subject. Literature reviews are very useful in researching topics.
In scholarly journals, particularly those publishing in the sciences and social sciences, the first section of each article is usually devoted to a review of the previously published literature on the topic under discussion. Some serials, called annual reviews are devoted solely to the publication of literature reviews.